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DPE04M11-SP - Structural and Civil Engineering Concepts

  • Duration:
  • Investment: US$ 399
Certificate:

Must complete all lessons

Content

Description

Structural engineering that comes under civil engineering deals with physical laws and empirical knowledge of the structural performance of materials. Different materials have different properties. One such property is elasticity which  makes the material return to its original shape when the force causing the deformation is removed. The majority of failure in materials occurs due to fatigue, because of repeated loading and unloading.
The building material is used for construction purpose. Some of the naturally occurring materials are clay, sand, wood, stone, rocks etc. Apart from these naturally occurring substances, man-made materials are also in use. This course covers a detailed and elaborate note on each of these building materials along with cost control project management and principles of organisation.
After completion of this course, students will get a complete knowledge about structural engineering, qualities of soil, building materials, structures, classification of construction, project management and principles of organisation.

WHO SHOULD COMPLETE THIS COURSE

  • Civil Engineering 
  • Mechanical Engineering 
  • Process Engineering
  • Production Managers
  • Maintenance Engineers and Supervisors
  • Process Control Technicians

COURSE OUTLINE
STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING 

  • Theory of structures 
  • Objectives 
  • Elements of Structural design 
  • Analysis of structures 
  • Structures: Classification 
  • Structures: Member stresses
  • Structures: Supports

EQUILIBRIUM OF BODIES 

  • Equilibrium of bodies 
  • Free body diagrams
  • General terms 
  • Deflection of structures
  • Statically determinate structure 
  • Bending Moment (BM) 
  • Shear Force (SF)
  • BM & SF diagrams 
  • Moving loads 

ELASTIC AND PLASTIC THEORY 
Elastic theory or design methods

  • Drawbacks of elastic theory 
  • Plastic theory 
  • Plastic design of beam 
  • Plastic moment 
  • Plastic analysis of structure 
  • Concepts of plastic analysis
  • Design of beams
  • Classification of beams 
  • Moment of resistance 
  • Beam design process 
  • Web cripping & buckling 

ELASTICITY OF THE MATERIALS

  • Strength of materials 
  • Elasticity of the materials 
  • Stress and strain 
  • Stress-strain for ductile and brittle materials

LATERAL STRAIN AND POISSON’S RATIO 

  • Factor for safety 
  • Lateral strain and poisson’s ratio 
  • Shear force and shear stress 
  • Modulus of rigidity or shear modulus 
  • Vertical and horizontal shear stress 
  • Deformation or deflection of structures 

DEFORMATION OF BEAMS, TORSION AND FLEXURAL STRESSES

  • Bending Moment
  • Shear Force
  • Types of beams
  • Torsion 
  • Flexural stresses in beams 

FATIGUE STRESSES 

  • Fatigue stresses 
  • Stages of fatigue 
  • Fatigue problems 
  • Fatigue in welding 
  • Factors that affect fatigue life 

FATIGUE – PREVENTION AND EXAMPLE PROBLEMS

  • Methods to prevent fatigue 
  • Fatigue – Example problem 
  • Illustration – example 1
  • Illustration – example 2 

THERMAL EXPANSION AND THERMAL STRESS

  • Thermal expansion 
  • Coefficient of thermal expansion 
  • Coefficient of aerial expansion 
  • Coefficient of volume or cubical expansion 
  • Coefficients of expansion – Example
  • Thermal stress and strain 
  • Configuration of the building 
  • Design temperature change 
  • Types of loading 
  • Repeated and reversed stress 

SOIL MECHANICS AND STRUCTURE OF EARTH

  • Soil mechanics 
  • Soil – what it means 
  • Structure of the earth 

FORMATION OF MINERAL DEPOSITS 

  • Formation of mineral deposits 
  • Formation of soil 
  • What are soils?
  • Characteristics of soils

QUALITIES OF SOIL

  • Soil particles and size of soil particles 
  • Phase, types and size of soil particles 
  • Structure of soils
  • Soil investigation 

FOUNDATION 

  • Foundations 
  • Objectives of foundations 
  • Loads on foundations 
  • Shallow foundation
  • Types of shallow foundation 
  • Deep/Pile foundation 
  • Commonly used piles 
  • Selection of types of foundation 
  • Materials used for foundation 

BUILDING MATERIALS: CLAY

  • Building material: use
  • Building material: properties 
  • Building material: standardization 
  • Building material: performance
  • Building materials: clay
  • Clay classification 
  • Clay products: bricks

BRICKS, ROCKS AND STONES

  • Classification of bricks
  • Ingredients of a good brick 
  • Clay tiles
  • Application of clay products 
  • Building materials: rocks and stones 
  • Classification of rocks 
  • Characteristics of a good building stone 

BUILDING MATERIALS: WOOD

  • Building materials: wood 
  • Timber 
  • Seasoning of timber 
  • Characteristics and uses of timber 
  • Properties of wood 
  • Common wood products 

CONCRETE, PAINT, CERAMICS AND VARNISH 

  • Construction materials: cement
  • Types of cement 
  • Building materials: concrete aggregates 
  • Concrete materials: water 
  • Building materials: lime 
  • Building materials: concrete
  • Building materials: building mortars 
  • Building materials: ferrous metals 
  • Building materials: non-ferrous metals 
  • Building materials: ceramics 
  • Building materials: paint 
  • Building materials: enamel 
  • Building materials: varnish

STRUCTURES 

  • Structures – member stresses 
  • Structures – support 
  • Free Body Diagrams 
  • Deformation and deflection of structures 

BENDING MOMENT & SHEAR FORCE     

  • Bending moment 
  • Shear force 
  • BM and SF – influencing factors 
  • BM & SF diagrams

UNIFORMLY DISTRIBUTED LOAD 

  • Uniformly Distributed Load (ULD) 
  • Illustrations 

FLEXURAL STRESS IN BEAMS

  • BM & SF diagrams – notable points 
  • Flexural stresses in beams 
  • Analysis of columns 
  • Review engineering concepts 

STRESS-STRAIN CURVE FOR DUCTILE MATERIALS

  • Stress-strain curve for ductile materials
  • Design philosophies 
  • Combination loads 
  • Tacoma narrows bridge(1940)

STEEL STRUCTURE

  • Use of steel structures 
  • Common steels 
  • Methods of design of steel structures 
  • Rigid and semi-rigid design 
  • Plastic design 

JOINTS & FASTENERS 

  • Design of joints and fasteners for steel structures 
  • Rivets 
  • Steps for designing rivets 
  • Design of bolts 
  • Design of welding joints 
  • Design of butt weld 

DESIGN OF AXIALLY LOADED TENSILE, BEAMS AND REINFORCED CEMENT

  • Design of axially loaded tensile member 
  • Design of compression members 
  • Design of beams 
  • Design of reinforced concrete structures 
  • Ingredients and properties of concrete 
  • Durability of concrete 
  • Reinforced concrete design 
  • Roof drainage 

STRUCTURE ANALYSIS

  • Analysis of structures 
  • Classification of structures 
  • Structures – general terms 
  • Types of loads 
  • Impact and vibrations 

STATICALLY DETERMINATE AND INDETERMINATE STRUCTURES 

  • Statically determinate structures 
  • Degree of indeterminacy – Cantilever Tree method
  • Degree of indeterminacy – Method of Joints 
  • Principle of super position 
  • Expressions for slope deflection in standard cases 

CLASSIFICATION OF CONSTRUCTION 

  • Classification of construction work 
  • Stages of construction 
  • Construction team 

PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND CRITICAL PATH METHOD

  • Resources and need for management 
  • Construction and project management 
  • Project management and scheduling 
  • Critical path method 

COST CONTROL AND PRINCIPLE OF ORGANISATION 

  • Importance of cost 
  • Purpose of cost control 
  • Budgeting 
  • Cost analysis 
  • Organisation  
  • Types of organization 
  • Organisation  suitable for construction industry
     

 

Investment

Plan Name Investment
Unlimited Access for 2 Years: US$ 399

Instructor

Belo Ferreira

Belo Ferreira - BE (Aerospace), Adv Dip Mechanical Technology/Engineering, Dip Civil Engineering Industrial design encompasses the creation of mass produced products. This process begins with a defined need/desire which progresses through to a conceptual design, proceeded by thorough analysis and detailed design, manufacture, and then completed product (sometimes this process also entails the termination/replacement of the product). The industrial design process also involves the participation of many key stakeholders and support networks – such as: product-area experts, for instance, there would be a need to utilise the services of an expert on human physiology with detailed knowledge of the pertinent medical procedures and required outcomes if one was designing a medically-related product such as an analysis machine; marketing experts to gauge the interest in the product, find the market, and then effectively sell the product; financial experts to work through the financial maze and assist in the delivery of a healthy profit; and, legal experts to ensure that the product is a viable legal entity. Unfortunately, many obstacles exist along the industrial design path and any one hurdle can potentially bring about the downfall of a product – and the liquidation stores and rubbish tips are testament to this circumstance as one often finds these places filled with the hapless victims of this process. Belo has worked in many different industries including the insurance, medical, legal, publishing, building, defence, mining and mineral processing industries. She has been involved in many different facets of the industrial design and manufacturing processes. She has experience as both a consumer and as a participating member in the creation, delivery, and/or termination of a variety of different products – albeit most of these being bulk products. Belo continues to have a keen interest in industrial design processes, particularly the development of new software to assist in the design process, the implementation of strategies to synthesise function and environmental/sustainable outcomes, and in recycling endeavours including the rethinking/re-use of superseded products or product parts/materials. Belo currently undertakes a wide scope of work which is compatible with her experiences, qualifications, interests and availability. She works as a consultant, project manager, engineer, trainer, and writer."
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